GOLD AND SALT TRADE IN ANCIENT AFRICA - TRADE IN ANCIENT AFR


Gold And Salt Trade In Ancient Africa - Gold Wholesale Price - Orinoco Gold Card Drivers.



Gold And Salt Trade In Ancient Africa





gold and salt trade in ancient africa






    ancient africa
  • Phoenician traders arrived on the North African coast around 900 BC and established Carthage (in present-day Tunisia) around 800 BC. By the sixth century BC, a Phoenician presence existed at Tipasa (east of Cherchell in Algeria).





    salt trade
  • A Salt Road (Route du Sel) is any of the prehistoric and historical trade routes by which essential salt has been transported to regions that lacked it (see History of salt).





    gold
  • A deep lustrous yellow or yellow-brown color

  • amber: a deep yellow color; "an amber light illuminated the room"; "he admired the gold of her hair"

  • A yellow precious metal, the chemical element of atomic number 79, valued esp. for use in jewelry and decoration, and to guarantee the value of currencies

  • coins made of gold

  • An alloy of this

  • made from or covered with gold; "gold coins"; "the gold dome of the Capitol"; "the golden calf"; "gilded icons"











gold and salt trade in ancient africa - Lost Kingdoms




Lost Kingdoms of Africa


Lost Kingdoms of Africa



Four epic journeys into ancient Africa’s art and culture
Now home to a billion people, Africa produced powerful art, stunning architecture, and vibrant cultures long before the first Europeans arrived. Join Dr. Gus Casely-Hayford as he investigates the continent’s great "forgotten" civilizations. Visit the spectacular monuments of Nubia, explore the mysterious ruins of Great Zimbabwe, and discover the art and technology of ancient Benin. See magnificent Ethiopian monasteries carved out of solid rock, and hear spellbinding stories drawn from the silent objects of the past.
This eye-opening, four-part series reaches back, long before written history, to expose realms that rivaled Egypt, buildings as inspiring as medieval cathedrals, and art that still speaks to us across the centuries. Most of all, the series casts new light on a long-neglected part of our world’s cultural heritage.
British art historian and trustee of the U.K.’s National Portrait Gallery, Dr. Gus Casely-Hayford has presented several documentaries on African culture and acted as an arts consultant for the United Nations.

16-page viewer’s guide includes questions to consider; stories about the mysteries of Meroe, Great Zimbabwe, and the kingdom of Benin; Ethiopia and the Rastafari movement; and much more.
Biographies of prominent precolonial Africans
Profiles of Sudan, Ethiopia, Zimbabwe, and Nigeria today
SDH subtitles










83% (8)





Ancient city




Ancient city





Ancient city @ Rome, Itlay 2011

Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew out of a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 10th century BC. Located along the Mediterranean Sea and centered on the city of Rome, it expanded to one of the largest empires in the ancient world.

In its centuries of existence, Roman civilization shifted from a monarchy to an oligarchic republic to an increasingly autocratic empire. It came to dominate South-Western Europe, South-Eastern Europe and the Balkans, and the Mediterranean region through conquest and assimilation.

Plagued by internal instability and attacked by various migrating peoples, the western part of the empire, including Italy, Hispania, Gaul, Britannia and Africa broke up into independent kingdoms in the 5th century AD. This splintering is the landmark historians use to divide the ancient period from the medieval era and the "Dark Ages".

The Eastern Roman Empire survived this crisis and was governed from Constantinople after Diocletian divided the Empire in 286 AD. It comprised Greece, the Balkans, Asia Minor, Syria and Egypt. Despite the later loss of Syria and Egypt to the Arab-Islamic Empire, the Eastern Roman Empire continued for another millennium, until its remains were finally annexed by the emerging Turkish Ottoman Empire. This eastern, Christian, medieval stage of the empire is usually called the Byzantine Empire by historians.
Roman civilization is often grouped into "classical antiquity" with ancient Greece, a civilization that, along with the Etruscan civilization and the many other civilizations they conquered and assimilated, inspired much of the culture of ancient Rome. Ancient Rome contributed greatly to government, law, war, art, literature, architecture, technology, religion, and language in the Western world, and its history continues to have a major influence on the world today.











Asia or Africa?




Asia or Africa?





Back to my Madagascar series, I am going to show some of the differtent landscapes. Madagascar was ones connected to Africa and Asia. The landscape still shows the effects of the ancient red soils of Africa and the rice fields of Asia.

The rich habitat diversity and large number of endemic animals sets Madagascar apart. It is the kindom of lemurs and chameleons and it is every nature photographer's dream.

You will find al different kinds of lemurs (half apes) and lots of endemic spieces of animals, flowers and plants in Madagascar.

About 165 milion years ago, Madagascar split from Africa and drifted some 400 km off the east coast, separated by the Mozambique Channel. On the Island you will find a mix of Africans, Asians and Arabians. This racial mix is visible in the Malagassy's faces.

The island is dominated by highlands and rainforest. The highly weathered lateritic soil gives Madagascar the name " Red Island"

Madagascar's fauna and flora have evolved partly because it is an isolated island, but also because it originated as a continental fragment. 70 to 80% of the flora and fauna are endemic, meaning you will not find this anywhere else in the world. The lemur species and chameleons are the most famous.

Take a journey through my Madagascar set to discover some of Madagascars special nature and wildlife.

© Yvonne de Bruijn

This photos was publiced in Columbus Magazine









gold and salt trade in ancient africa








gold and salt trade in ancient africa




Lost Treasures of the Ancient World, Volume 2 [Box Set]: Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece, Carthage, Ancient Jerusalem, The Romans in North Africa, The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World






This handsome collector’s boxed set contains six authoritative and entertaining programs about the ancient world and the legacy it leave us today. Featuring ground-breaking computer graphics and animation, you can see how the historical sites looked in their heyday, and compare how they are now with spectacular new footage from Europe and North Africa. The programs also feature expert analyses by the world’s leading authorities and historians Think of Ancient Egypt and you think of the great Pyramids at Giza - but these incredible structures are not the only treasures left to us by a truly remarkable civilization. This program visits, explores and restores such wonders as the Temples at Al Karnak and Luxor, the Temple at Abu Simnel and the Mortuary Temple of Hatsepsut. Featuring new location footage, stylish period reconstructions, ground-breaking 3D graphics, and animation sequences. With interpretations and analyses by the world’s leading authorities including Dr. Dominic Monserrat of Warwick University, Professor John Baines of the Oriental Faculty, Oxford, Peter Clayton, Egyptologist, and Professor G.A. Gaballa, Cairo University. Examine the spectacular wonders of Carthage, the ancient city which stood on the northern coast of Africa, near modern day Tunis. This Lost Treasures program allows us a unique glimpse of the ‘new city’, including the mighty walled fortress of Byrsa, which overlooked Carthage’s splendid twin harbors. Featuring new location footage, stylish period reconstructions, ground-breaking 3D graphics, and animation sequences. With interpretations and analyses by Dr. Chris Pelling of University College, Oxford, Nicholas Purcell of St John’s College, Oxford, Henry Hurst of Churchill College, Cambridge, and Professor T. Weiderman of Nottingham University. See the story of the Holy City, and the dominant building, the Temple, which once contained the Ark of the Covenant. Lost Treasures visits the sacred city exploring its famous walls and gates, and the mysterious temple under which so many secrets may be buried. Featuring new location footage, stylish period reconstructions, ground-breaking 3D graphics, and animation sequences. With interpretations and analyses by Richard Andrews, explorer and archaeologist, Dr. David Jacobson of the Palestine Exploration Fund, London, and Professor Martin Goodman of the Centre for Hebrew and Jewish Studies. Seven Wonders of the Ancient World presents the stories of the works of architecture regarded by the Greeks and Romans as the most extraordinary structures of antiquity: the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, The Statute Of Zeus, the Temple of Artemis, the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus, the Colossus of Rhodes, the Pharos of Alexandria and the Pyramids of Egypt. Interpretations and analyses by Professor Bent Smith and Dr. Jim Coulton of the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, Dr. John Bennet of the Institute of Archaeology, Oxford, Dr. Chris Pelling of University College, Oxford, Dr. Augusta MacMahon of Cambridge University and Professor D.J. Wiseman of University College London. Romans in North Africa: Within easy reach of Rome, the rich and fertile territories of Northern Africa would inevitably become part of the huge Roman Empire. We visit what remains of the major Roman dwellings in the North African region, with exciting new footage of Carthage, the unique underground city of Bulla Regia, the impressive site of Dougga, the imposing Colosseum of El Jem, the recently discovered Chimtou, and rare images of Lepcis Magna in Libya. Featuring new location footage, stylish period reconstructions, ground breaking 3D graphics and animation sequences. Interpretations and analyses by the world’s leading authorities including Henry Hurst of St. John’s College, Oxford, Professor Roger Wilson of Nottingham University, Professor David Mattingley of Leicester University and Dr. Andrew Wilson of Magdalen College, Oxford. It is a sad fact that many Grecian achievements were destroyed by those who subsequently conquered the land: however, those that survive are a testimony to Greek skills and ideals. Lost Treasures takes the viewer on an incredible journey to witness the breathtaking beauty of the Acropolis and The Parthenon - now and as they once were - and the majesty of the remains at Delphi, includingthe inspiring temple of Zeus. Featuring new location footage, stylish period reconstructions, ground-breaking 3D graphics, and animation sequences. With interpretations and analyses by the world’s leading authorities including Dr. John Bennet of the Institute of Archaeology, Oxford and Dr. Chris Pelling of University College, Oxford.










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